Archive for the ‘Books’ Category

Free Bible Commentaries Online!

April 14, 2009

I have added a new link to, a ministry of Dr. Bob Utley, formerly of East Texas Baptist University.

In my years at ETBU I took Dr. Utley (whom I know as “Dr. Bob”) for four classes: Old Testament Survey II, Hermeneutics I, Hermeneutics II, and Preaching.  I also had the privilege of traveling with him to Brazil for an evangelistic crusade in 2002.  He is truly a man of God.  His passion for the Bible, for the gospel, for the church, and for the lost is evident in everything that he does.  A few years ago he resigned from university teaching in order to put all of his energy into teaching ordinary church members how to interpret the Bible for themselves. 

I recommend his commentaries to you.  They are something of a unique genre, in that they are more interactive than most commentaries.  They provide a wealth of helpful information (as commentaries should), but they are self-consciously designed to teach readers the skill of Bible interpretation as opposed to dependence on commentaries.  Dr. Bob’s passion is not to tell you what you should think about the Bible; it is to teach you how to come to your own sound conclusions about what the Bible teaches. 

This website is a gift to the church.  I encourage you all to bookmark it and refer to it often.


Food for Thought

February 11, 2009

In light of my questions below about the legitimacy or lack thereof of dissolving one’s political ties to a government, I found Lee Irons’s review of Seyoon Kim’s new book entitled Christ and Caesar: The Gospel and the Roman Empire in the Writings of Paul and Luke  quite helpful. [HT: Justin Taylor].  Here are the links to these brief but informative posts:

Part 1: Introduction

Part 2: The Letters of Paul

Part 3: Luke-Acts

Part 4: Implications for Today

Here’s the bottom line: Kim argues against the thesis that has arisen in recent decades that the New Testament writers (particularly Paul and Luke) proclaimed the gospel specifically as an antithesis to the imperial cult.  In other words, if Kim is right, then Paul was much less concerned with political realities than  someone like an N. T. Wright would claim.  I have not done an in depth study on this, but my instinct is that Kim is basically right, although I agree with Irons’s concern about the way Kim draws out implications for today.  This looks like a book well worth reading.

A Lesson on How to Read the Bible: Revel in Diversity

February 3, 2008

The Bible is both one book and a collection of books.  It has both one author and many authors.  These two poles of unity and diversity must be held together in our reading of Scripture.  If we ignore one or the other, we lose the unique character of Scripture for what it is: both the divine Word of God and the diverse words of men. 

Conservatives tend to err on the side of unity because of their (correct) prior commitment to the inspiration and inerrancy of all Scripture (2 Timothy 3:16).  Thus, conservatives harmonize passages that stand in tension with one another, whether they be historical tensions or theological tensions.  I believe harmonization is a necessary step in Bible interpretation, but there are bad ways to harmonize that conservatives often fall into.  It is often the conservative’s temptation to leap to harmonization too fast, before the richness of Scripture’s diversity has been taken into account.  Thus, Paul’s theology may be imposed on the Sermon on the Mount, functioning as a grid through which Jesus’ teaching may be filtered.  I believe that, when properly understood, there is no contradiction between Paul and Jesus, but we must allow their diverse teachings to stand, listen to each in his own context, and then draw out the theological unity.

Liberals, on the other hand, focus almost completely on Scripture’s diversity.  They carve up books, assigning this portion to one source, this portion to another, and developing elaborate theories about which redactor added what or omitted what in order to communicate what.  They not only pit Paul against Jesus, but they even pit Jesus against Jesus.  Some of Jesus’ sayings are authentic, but most aren’t, so they say; they are, rather, creations of the early church projected back onto Jesus.  This approach to biblical interpretation is loaded with unfounded presuppositions and will never hear the Word of God for what it actually says.

The Bible must be read as both diverse and unified.  In order to appreciate the Scripture’s diversity, we must give attention to its diverse literary genres.  Kevin Vanhoozer has argued that the diverse genres are not mere literary wrapping paper that we tear through in order to get to the propositions.  They are, rather, the God-given forms in which the propositions are delivered, thus constituting components of revelation themselves.  If we mine Scripture for information but ignore the diverse speech acts (such as warnings, promises, declarations, commands, etc.) and genres (narrative, poetry, apocalyptic, didactic) in which that information is conveyed, then we fail to hear what the authors are actually saying, and thereby we fail to hear what God has spoken.  Literary genres are much more than diverse containers of information.  They are, as Vanhoozer argues, lenses through which we view the world. 

So read the Bible by reveling in its diverse literary genres.  Put on the lenses of the various forms of literature and let them show you how to see the world.  The lens of narrative invites us to see the unfolding of God’s purpose in the story of Israel and Jesus and to place ourselves within that story.  The lens of law demands that we see ourselves under the supreme lordship of God.  The lens of wisdom literature beckons us to view the world as God’s world, ordered by his design (Proverbs), yet often refusing to reveal to us its secrets (Ecclesiastes), thereby calling us to trust the wisdom of God even when we don’t understand (Job).  The lens of apocalyptic thrusts us into cosmic warfare, showing us that all of life is lived on the verge of the end, when God’s sovereign plan for the consummation of history will come to pass in a cataclysmic upheaval, and the forces of darkness will be crushed.  The lens of didactic (epistolary) literature sets us within the context of the new humanity redeemed in Christ, the church, and shows us a new way of being in this overlapping of the ages.  The lens of poetry summons us to view all of life as lived before God, in relationship with him (Psalms), yet falling under his judgment for our failures without putting ourselves outside his ultimate redemptive purpose (the Prophets). 

If we bypass the significance of these literary genres and extract bare information from the Bible, then we have not truly heard what God has spoken.  Let the diversity yield its richness to you as you read.  Put on these various lenses and let them each contribute to a fuller understanding and response to God and his purpose for us.